France, with her allies, was victorious in World War I, and she emerged for the time as the dominant power on the Continent, linked to the Church in new compromises by the fear of Bolshevism and by the problem of Alsace-Lorraine, in the main a devoutly Catholic region and now returned to France. The victory of france was echoed in the final triumph of Saint Joan, admitted in 1920 to the full glory of sainthood, at once national and universal, in stately ceremonial at St. Peter’s. Since the fete nationale in her honor was also established, she was now, in every sense, the Saint of France.
In the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, various new sciences have contributed new views of Joan of Arc. Modern scientific historiography was first to the fore in this difficult field. The labors of many scholars, of whom perhaps the most notable was J.E.J Quicherat, brought to light the varied “sources” and placed them in print, duly edited and annotated. Every step of Joan’s career was made the subject of varied and multitudinous researches. There were translations of leading source materials, such as the trial and Rehabilitation, into French and English. In the works of Francis Lowell and Andrew Lang the scholarship of the Anglo-Saxon world made its contribution; and a number of leading German scholars, of whom Prutz is among the best known, also contributed notably; but all these multitudinous labors have brought little diminution to the controversy about the Maid.
The psychologists too, had something to say about Joan of Arc from the standpoint of their fast-growing science. various theories of hysteria and objectification, of schizophrenia and paranoia, were advanced. Anthropologist Dr. Margaret Murray’s work on the witch-cult, with which she had sought to link the Maid, reminds of the necromancers, the spiritualists, who have not been slow to claim her and to make much of her reported feats of clairvoyance, clairaudience, and prophecy. At the same time, the spiritualists carry on the tradition of antagonism toward the Church on the part of her old enemy ,the wizard. Leon Denis, in a work translated into English by the celebrated spiritualist Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, has well stated the contention of this school of thought:
…A constant stream of inspiration flows down from the invisible world upon mankind. There are intimate ties between the living and the dead. All souls are united by invisible threads, and the more sensitive of us down here vibrate to the rhythm of the universal life. So was it with our heroine. The critic may attack her memory; his efforts will never prevail. The story of the maid of Lorraine, like that of all the great agents of Providence, is graven on the eternal granite of history. Nothing can wipe out that record. It is one which indicates most clearly amid all the mixed tumult of life that sovereign hand which guides the world. Read More:http://www.oconsolador.com.br/linkfixo/bibliotecavirtual/ingles/denis-joan-of-arc.pdf